Literature and language awareness: using literature to achieve CEFR outcomes.

Christian Jones, Ronald Carter


This article sets out to explore why literature (used in this article to mean poetry, plays, short stories or novels) is often a marginalised resource in EFL classrooms, even though the Common European Framework of References for Languages (CEFR) suggests it should have a role in the classroom. It first reports on the results of a questionnaire investigating English teachers’ attitudes towards using literature in the classroom. After a discussion of these results, it explores some ways in which the use of literature can be linked to CEFR outcomes in a practical teaching framework which teachers can apply to literature they choose to teach.


Literature; language teaching; language awareness; CEFR

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ISSN 2045-4031. University of Central Lancashire 2010-2013.