The Case for Synchronous Delivery of Language Teaching in the Digital Era

Meredith Stephens


Technological innovation has afforded increased opportunities for second language learners in the mode of Face-to-Screen learning. Rather than simply reading graded readers, second language learners can simultaneously listen to and read an audiobook, reaping the benefits of bi-modal input. Nevertheless, not all students are able to apply themselves to online language learning, and many indicate a preference for live interaction in the second language. Face-to-Face learning offers unique advantages to second language learners; the interpersonal mode of embodied delivery continues to be important despite the proliferation of Face-to-Screen learning. Nevertheless, since the 2020 pandemic, Face-to-Face learning has been withdrawn in many cases and replaced by Live Face-to-Screen learning. Some of the unanticipated benefits of Live Face-to-Screen learning, which have become apparent since the transition to this mode of learning, are presented.


online teaching and learning; synchronous delivery; technology; face-to-face learning; face-to-screen learning

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN 2045-4031. University of Central Lancashire 2010-2013.