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Author Guidelines

Manuscripts submitted for publication in the UCLan Journal of  should be presented as a Word document and sent to; according to the following guidelines:

Style and Layout

  • Please use British (OED) spelling, not American;
  • Use 12pt standard font (Arial), 1.5 line-spacing, and left hand alignment only;
  • Do not use italics except for Book, Journal and Newspaper Titles and Foreign words;
  • Do not use bold type except for headings or sub-headings;
  • Do not underline words, phrases, titles or headings;
  • Any additional notes, which cannot be incorporated into the body of the essay, should be numbered (using Arabic not Roman numerals) and included at the end of the article before the References.
  • All illustrations, figures and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, captioned and referenced.


Please use Harvard style referencing.

In Text:

  • Single inverted commas are used for quotations.  Double inverted commas are only used for quotation withing quotation.  When longer quotations are indented, no quotation marks are required and single inverted commas are used for quotation within quotation.
  • Sources identified by Author, year of publication, plus page number (where applicable) and placed in brackets after the quotation or citation. Examples:
  1. 'Quotation from work by Walter' (Walter 2004, p478),
  2. Citation describing some research (Walter et al, 1997),
  3. Citation of some work done named author (2003).
  4. 'Quotation including the author's name' (2003, p345)
  • When repeatedly quoting from the same text, the italicised book title (or shortened italicised title) plus page number may be used (White Teeth, p496).  When the title is mentioned in the text, page number only is needed.
  • When referring to an old text, but using a modern edition, please indicate the first date of publication either of the article itself or in the References.

Reference List:

  • References should be listed alphabetically according to the author's surname, as examples below.
  • References (Works Cited) should be listed separately from Works Consulted / Further Reading.
  • Titles of Books, Journals and Newspapers should be set in italics throughout.
  • Titles of articles or chapters in journals and books should be set in single inverted commas throughout.
  • DOIs should be included where available.

References should be listed as follows:

  • Books - Author’s surname, first name or initial (Year of publication). Book title in italics. Place of publication: Publisher’s name. e.g. Amis, Martin (1999). London Fields. London: Vintage.
  • Journal articles - Author’s surname, initial or first name, additional names if co-authored (Year of publication). ‘Title of article in inverted commas’, Journal Title in italics issue number, page numbers. e.g. Hurles, M. E. and Jobling, M. A. (2001). ‘Haploid chromosomes in molecular ecology: lessons from the human Y’, Molecular Ecology 10, 110-120.
  • Article or chapter in a book -Author’s surname, initial or first name, additional names if co-authored (Year of publication). ‘Title in inverted commas’ editor’s name, Book Title in italics. Place of Publication: Publisher’s name, page numbers. e.g. Seaton, A. V. and Lennon, J. (2004). ‘Thanatourism in the early 21st Century: Moral Panics, Ulterior Motives and Alterior Desires’ in T. V. Singh, ed. New Horizons in Tourism: Strange Experiences and Stranger Practices. Wallingford: CABI Publishing, 63-82.
  • Article in online journal -Author’s surname, initial or first name. Year of publication. ‘Article title in inverted commas’, Title of Journal in italics, issue number.  DOI:number  Web address [date accessed]e.g. Park, H. W. (2010). Examining academic Internet use using a combined method. Quality & Quantity, 46 (1), 251–266. DOI:10.1007/s11135-010-9344-6 Available at: <URL:> [Accessed 05 April 2012]


Permission to reproduce material in copyright (including quotations) must be obtained by the author before publication.  In addition to published work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in those services.

If you are not sure whether or not you need to get permission, or you need help in framing a request contact

Submission Preparation Checklist

All submissions must meet the following requirements.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word format or an equivalent compatible format.
  • The text adheres to the Style and Layout requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journa and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the referencing requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • Where available, URLs and DOIs for the references have been provided.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • A 300-500 word abstract of the article and up to ten suitable keywords have been included (not required for Book Reviews, Letters and Editorial pieces).

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